Minimal Python Package

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What does it take to create an installable python package that can be hosted on pypi?

What is the minimal python package

  • setup.py
  • my_module.py

This post is somewhat inspired by the bottle framework, which is famously created as a single python module. Yes, a whole web framework is written in one file.

Directory structure

.
β”œβ”€β”€ setup.py
└── my_pipeline.py

setup.py

from setuptools import setup

setup(
    name="",
    version="0.1.0",
    py_modules=["my_pipeline", ],
    install_requires=["kedro"],
)

name

The name of the package can contain any letters, numbers, "_", or "-". Even if it's for internal/personal consumption only I usually check for discrepancy with pypi so that you don't run into conflicts.

Note that pypi treats "-" and "_" as the same thing, beware of name clashes

version

This is the version number of your package. Most packages follow semver. At a high level its three numbers separated by a . that follow the format major.minor.patch. It's a common courtesy to only break APIs on major changes, new releases on minor, and fixes on patch. This can become much more blurry in practice so checkout semver.org.

py_modules

Typically most packages use the packages argument combined with find_packages, but for this minimal package, we are only creating one .py file.

Using packages instead

from setuptools import setup, find_packages

setup(
    name="",
    version="0.1.0",
    packages=find_packages(),
    install_requires=["kedro"],
)

install_requires

These are your external dependencies that come from pypi. They go in this list but are often pulled in from a file called requirements.txt. Other developers may look for this file and want to do a pip install -r requirements.txt.

Clean?

One thing to be careful of here is that everything sits at the top level API, when you users import your module and hit tab they are going to see a lot of stuff unless you hide all of your internal functions behind an _.

Minimal

Can you create a python package with less than two files and less than 8 lines? Should you? I really like a minimal point to get started from for quick and simple prototypes. You can always pull a more complicated cookiecutter template later if the project is successful.



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